Press guide

USEFUL INFORMATIONS
Press guide
 

1+0, 1+1

 

1+0: Publication printed on one side, one colour.
1+1: Publication printed on both sides, one colour.

4+0, 4+4

 

4+0: Publication printed on one side, four colours.
4+4: Publication printed on both sides, four colours. In the case of four-colour printing it is possible to print coloured photos, charts and other illustrations.

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Altar fold

Paper sheet folded twice (as a double door) to face. The folded in pages need to be 2 to 3 mm shorter than the folded size.

   

Bibliography

 

Index: usually contains headwords and related page numbering reference.

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Bleed picture

Pictures displayed without edge (margin) on one or multiple sides. When designing forms containing run-out pictures the overhanging picture, chart, patch needs to run-out by 3 to 5 mm towards the edge of the sheet.

   

Brochure

 

Saddle-stitched publication in a size smaller than books, otherwise called: exercise-book.

Cardboard

 

The structure of cardboard products with a weight of 250 to 400 g/m2 can be single-layer, in this case the material structure is uniform, and/or the cardboard may have multiple layers, when depending on the applied manufacturing technology it may consists of individual layers with different characteristics and material composition.

Carving, scoring

 

A technology typically used for self-adhesive materials, when the carrier of the material is not cut, only the material. This enables that the labels can be taken off one by one.

Chapter title page

 

A page containing the title of the given chapter – in absence of client instructions – are always printed on the odd (right) page.

CMYK

 

Four-colour printing. Coloured photos can be disintegrated, and/or printed with the help of the four primary process colours. Primary process colours: cyan (C), magenta (M), yellow (Y), black (B). Allows the printing of coloured photos, charts, etc.


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Brochure

 

Saddle-stitched publication in a size smaller than books, otherwise called: exercise-book.

Coating, enamelling

 

Surface treatment procedure. Inhibits the offsetting of the ink, strengthens the paper. Plastic material; available in optically glossy or mat.

Cover

 

Cover of paper-back books – made of cardboard with a weight between 180 to 300 grams, usually printed and surface-treated.

Cromalin

 

A multiple film colour "proofing" system using a light sensitive photopolymer layer.

Cross-fold

 

Sheets folded twice (cross-wise), which results in a product with 8 pages.

Cut size

 

Size of the final press product. In the case of hardback books the size indication of the book.

Deep printing

 

The ink is transferred to the paper from cavities (funnels) located lower than the level of the printing mould. The cavities are carved out by applying a chemical process.

Digital proof

 

A digital proof is a colour, prepress proofing method that uses a digital file to produce an approximate (very similar) sample of the material to be printed using offset technology. It is very useful to provide a digital proof for products produced by digital printing, in order to ensure that the machine operator after viewing the colour-proof print can set accordingly the colours (within certain limits).

Edge incision

 

The pages of the round-cut book, or in the cut, or in the header or footer, or on all three sides are coloured.

Embedded font

 

When the fonts used by the publication are inserted into the PDF or PostScript file together with the graphics and texts, on the computer the text is displayed in a way that we can see the font set by the graphical designer, without overrunning. Please make sure that the applied fonts are embedded (or transformed into a curve) in the materials, which are forwarded to the press!

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Embossing

A printing procedure with the aim of embossing certain letters and drawings on the paper surface.

   

Enamelling

 

Completion of the press processes. After the full drying of the ink layers the paper is fully or partly covered with glossy, smooth coating, which significantly improves the looks of the print, furthermore its durability. It is recommended to apply double enamelling coat in the case of letterpress or offset printing, in order to ensure better coverage and quality. In the case of screen printing due to higher coverage a single coat is usually sufficient.

Endpaper

 

Unprinted or printed sheets used for binding the book structure and book cover with a weight of over 100 g/m2.

Envelope

 

With or without window; sealing methods: glued, silicon-based, self-adhesive; standard sizes:

 

With traditional (glue-based) seal

Shape

Size (mm)

Window size (mm)

Envelope LC/6

114 x 162

35 x 90

Envelope LA/4

110 x 220

35 x 90 v. 45 x 90

Envelope C6/5

114 x 229

35 x 90 v. 45 x 90

Envelope LC/5

162 x 229

35 x 90 v. 45 x 90

Envelope LC/4

 229 x 334

 

Packet TC/5

162 x 229

 

Packet TC/4

229 x 324

55x 90 v. 50 x 100

Packet TB/4

250 x 353

 

 

Sticker or silicone seal

Shape

Size (mm)

Window size (mm)

Envelope LC/6

114 x 162

35 x 90

Envelope LA/4

110 x 220

35 x 90 v. 45 x 90

Envelope LC/5

162 x 229

35 x 90 v. 45 x 90

Packet TC/5

162 x 229

 

Packet TC/4

229 x 324

55x 90 v. 50 x 100

 

 

Envelope with window

 

In the front of the envelope, usually at the bottom right corner a little window can be found covered with see-through plastic. This little window shows the addressing.

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Fan-fold

Parallel folds, which can be placed on the same page of a sheet in pairs.

   

Flexographic (flexo) printing

 

High pressure printing form, usually popular in the packaging industry for printing on plastic, cellophane and metal foils using specially designed flexible press moulds.

Folding

 

The folding of the sheets takes place – after cutting to size- on binding-folding machines with knives, bags and combined equipment. The folding method – which can be quarter-, half-, full-, sixteen or thirty-two page folding- is determined by imposition, printing and paper thickness. In the case of reel presses the folding is managed by a complete drive gear constituting part of the machine unit.

Four-colour printing

 

Coloured images can be disintegrated and/or printed with the help of the four primary process colours. The primary process colours are: cyan (C), magenta (M), yellow (Y), black (B). It is also possible to print coloured photos, charts, etc.

Gathering of sheets

 

Collection of spare parts, sheets, pages of books or other processing technology products in a given sequence.

Glue-binding

 

Binding procedure used in the case of paper-back books. Sheets piled on the top of each other are placed in the binding machine together, where the body is placed in between the clamp jaws, becomes a bit firmer. The process continues when the entire pile is transferred above a cutting knife and the ridge of the book is turned into a rough surface. The rough surface is able take up large amount of glue. The machine covers the ridge of the book with glue and hangs it up in the cover. The last phase of book-binding involves the cooling of the glue material and cutting three sides of the body.

Grain

 

During press procedures grain- or fibre direction has to be taken into consideration, as this has a great influence on paper characteristics. It can be longitudinal or transversal grain.

Header

 

An information platform separated from the text flow by a line or an empty area on the edge of the type area. Typical solution for lexicons, encyclopaedias, dictionaries, scientific publications, and often for literature publications.

Imposition

 

Location of the publication pages on the sheet. When the publication is folded to the final format the pages follow each other in the consecutive order.

Indent

 

Annexes inserted, but not tied in between the pages of the publication.

Inside pages

 

Inside pages of a publication with multiple pages (namely all pages except for the cover pages).

Internal page binding types

 

Routed – the internal pages are glued to the cover page by pages.
Using binding thread – the internal pages alongside the ridge are sawn at the folds with thread.
Thread-stitched – after folding the internal pages are stitched together.

ISBN number

 

International (UNESCO) 10-digit identification number of books. It can be requested from the country-level ISBN office (National Széchenyi Library), phone number: 224-3753. It is usually located on the imprint (colophon) page of the book.

ISSN number

 

International (UNESCO) 8-digit identification number of serial publications and series. Similarly to ISBN numbers, they also can be requested at phone number: 224-3754.